Monday 23 February 2015

Egyptian History Part 2


Example of Egyptian Pharaohs:

  • Hatshepsut (Fifth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty) 
  • Thutmose III (Sixth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty) 
  • Tutankhamen (Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty) 
  • Ramesses II (Third Egyptian Pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty) 
  • Cleopatra VII (Last active Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt)

Hatshepsut- Queen Hatshepsut was Egypt's first female pharaoh who reigned for about 20 years as one of Egypt's most successful rulers. Dressed not as a lady, but in men's clothes, she has been regard as the only female pharaoh to erect the most monuments during her reign.

Pharaoh Hatshepsut
Pharaoh Thutmose III
Thutmose III- Thutmose III spent the first two decades of his reign in co-regency with his father's wife, Hatshepsut (commonly known as His Aunt). He is compared with Napoleon but unlike Napoleon he never lost a battle. Thutmose III's impact upon Egyptian culture was profound. He was a national hero who was revered long after his time.

King Tutankhamun- Tutankhamun, or better known as King Tut, is an 18th dynasty pharaoh who inherited the throne at a young age (Age 9). His reign was short-lived and upon his death (Age 18) he quickly faded into the sands of Egypt. Though King Tut accomplished little in his life, he is the most recognized and probably the most famous pharaoh today attributed to the discovery of his tomb and his elaborate treasure. When he became king he married his half-sister, Ankhesenpaaten. They later change their names from Tutankhaten to Tutankhamun and Ankhesenpaaten to Ankhesenamun. They had two still-born daughters who were later discovered as mummies in king tut’s tomb.

Gold Death Mask of Tutankhamun
Queen Ankhesenamen presents lotus flowers to Tutankhamen.

Remeses II- Rameses II was around 30 years old when he became king of Egypt - and then reigned for 67 years. “Rameses the Great” constructed many impressive monuments (such as Abu Simbel) and more statues of him exist than any other Egyptian Pharaoh.
He fought and won a peace treaty with the Hittites (People who once lived in what is now modern Turkey and northern Syria).

Pharaoh Rameses II
Pharaoh Cleopatra VII

Cleopatra VII- Cleopatra VII Philopator was the last ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty, ruling Egypt from 51 BC - 30 BC. She is celebrated for her beauty and her love affairs with the Roman warlords Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. What are often not associated with Cleopatra were her brilliance and her devotion to her country. She was a mathematician, a very good businesswoman and a quick-witted woman who was fluent in nine languages.

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