Monday 30 March 2015

Egyptian History Part 4


The ancient Egyptians worshipped many gods at different times and in different places. Some gods changed in importance over time. There were over 2,000 names of gods in Ancient Egyptians. Some images of Ancient Egyptians gods and goddesses show them with a human body and the head of a bird or an animal. Animals were chosen to represent the powers of the god.

Ra the god of the sun- Ra was the most important god. He was lord of all the gods. He was usually shown in human form with the head of a Falcon, crowned with a sun disc encircled with a scared cobra. The ancient Egyptian believed that Ra was swallowed every night by the sky goddesses Nut, and was reborn every morning. They also believed that he travelled through the underworld at night. Where he appeared as a man with the head of a Ram.

Ra the god of the sun

Anubis the god of mummification- Anubis was an Egyptian god of the underworld who guided and protected the spirits of the dead. He was known as the “Lord of the hallowed land”. Anubis was the god of embalming (the art and science of preserving human remains) and the dead. Anubis was the man with the jackal head, since jackals were often seen in cemeteries, the ancient Egyptians believed that Anubis watched over the dead. He was also the god who watched over the process of mummifying people when they died. Thus priests often wore a mask of Anubis during mummification ceremonies.

The Anubis mask that priests wear
during mummification ceremonies

Anubis the god of mummification

God Amun- Amun was the Egyptian god for wind, air and fertility. He was a breaded man with a Ram head and an ostrich plumed hat. He is the ultimate god of entire ancient Egypt; many of the Egyptians considered him as the God of Kings and King of Gods! He is the oldest and the most worshipped ruler of ancient Egypt. The almighty god Amun personifies the Sun God and the Sun is the symbol of birth and energy. Thus he was given the name “Amun Ra”. Amun was a very powerful god, the Egyptians believed he could have transform into any form he wanted .They also said he had the power to kill someone just by looking at them.

The egyptian god-

A statue of Amun

God Amun engraved on
the wall of a temple

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