Monday 30 March 2015

Cereals: Part 1

What is a cereal?

A cereal is a nutritious grain produced by a cultivated plant belonging to the grass family. A cereal is a kind of grain used for making human and animal food.Some examples of cereals are wheat, rice, corn, oats, rye, barley, millet, etc.


Wheat is a type of grass grown all over the world for its highly nutritious and useful grain. It is grown 2 to 3 feet tall. It is a cereal used mostly for human consumption. This grain is grown on more land area than any other commercial food. It is the most important kind of cereal grown in temperate countries. Wheat can be grouped into two main classes- winter wheat and spring wheat. Winter wheat produces a 'soft' flour while spring wheat produces a 'strong' flour. Wheat is a staple food used to make flour, bread, biscuits, cookies, cakes, pasta, noodles, etc.

Products made from Wheat

Wheat Bread

Wheat Flour


Rice farming is practiced widely and is best grown in warm humid temperate zones and in damp tropical lands; where mud, water and sunshine are plentiful. Rice is a popular cereal crop commonly used as human food. It is actually a type of grass and belongs to a family of plants. Rice is rich in nutrients and contains a number of vitamins and minerals. It is an excellent source of carbohydrates and proteins. Rice is used to make rice cakes, baby food, soup, etc.

Products made from Rice

Rice Cakes

Rice Krispies


Corn, also known as maize, is the third most widely produced cereal. Corn is a grain as well as a vegetable. It grows in warm weather and usually matures in late summer. It produces large kernels on a cob and grows within a tall grass-like stalk. This is one of the few crops that can be used for hundreds of different things. It can be used for food for humans and livestock. Corn can be processed and produced into breakfast cereals. Some products made form corn are corn meal, corn flour, corn syrup, etc.

Products made from Corn

Corn Flour

Corn Meal

To Be Continued...

No comments:

Post a Comment